Shape functions

Force a sequence of arrays including array scalars to each be at least 1-d. Force a sequence of arrays including array scalars to each be at least 2-d. Dimensions of length 1 are pre-pended to reach a two-dimensional array. Force a sequence of arrays including array .scalars to each be at least 3-d. Dimensions of length 1 are pre-pended to reach a two-dimensional array. Return a new array with the contents of arr shifted rolled by the amount given in the integer argument shift along the axis...

Continuous Distributions

Continuous random numbers can take on an uncountable number of values. Therefore, the value returned by a continuous distribution is denoted x. Because there is an uncountable number of possibilities for the random number1, a continuous distribution is modeled by a probability density function, f x . To obtain the probability that the random number generated by X is in a certain interval, we integrate this density function I f x dx Probability X lt b . To obtain a probability, we have to...