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The help function is nice for grabbing documentation when working interactively. For a more grandiose display, however, PyDoc also provides a GUI interface (a simple but portable Python/tkinter script) and can render its report in HTML page format, viewable in any web browser. In this mode, PyDoc can run locally or as a remote server in client/server mode; reports contain automatically created hyperlinks that allow you to click your way through the documentation of related components in your application.

To start PyDoc in this mode, you generally first launch the search engine GUI captured in Figure 15-1. You can start this either by selecting the "Module Docs" item in Python's Start button menu on Windows, or by launching the pydoc.py script in Python's standard library directory: Lib on Windows (run pydoc.py with a -g command-line argument). Enter the name of a module you're interested in, and press the Enter key; PyDoc will march down your module import search path (sys.path) looking for references to the requested module.

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Figure 15-1. The Pydoc top-level search engine GUI: type the name of a module you want documentation for, press Enter, select the module, and then press "go to selected" (or omit the module name and press "open browser" to see all available modules).

Once you've found a promising entry, select it and click "go to selected." PyDoc will spawn a web browser on your machine to display the report rendered in HTML format. Figure 15-2 shows the information PyDoc displays for the built-in glob module.

Notice the hyperlinks in the Modules section of this page—you can click these to jump to the PyDoc pages for related (imported) modules. For larger pages, PyDoc also generates hyperlinks to sections within the page.

Open File With Pydoc Windows
Figure 15-2. When you find a module in the Figure 15-1 GUI (such as this built-in standard library module) and press "go to selected," the module's documentation is rendered in HTML and displayed in a web browser window like this one.

Like the help function interface, the GUI interface works on user-defined modules as well as built-ins. Figure 15-3 shows the page generated for our docstrings.py module file.

PyDoc can be customized and launched in various ways we won't cover here; see its entry in Python's standard library manual for more details. The main thing to take away from this section is that PyDoc essentially gives you implementation reports "for free"—if you are good about using docstrings in your files, PyDoc does all the work of collecting and formatting them for display. PyDoc only helps for objects like functions and modules, but it provides an easy way to access a middle level of documentation for such tools—its reports are more useful than raw attribute lists, and less exhaustive than the standard manuals.

Cool PyDoc trick of the day: If you leave the module name empty in the top input field of the window in Figure 15-1 and press the "open browser" button, PyDoc will produce a web page containing a hyperlink to every module you can possibly import on your computer. This includes Python standard library modules, modules of third-party

Figure 15-3. PyDoc can serve up documentation pages for both built-in and user-coded modules. Here is the page for a user-defined module, showing all its documentation strings (docstrings) extracted from the source file.

extensions you may have installed, user-defined modules on your import search path, and even statically or dynamically linked-in C-coded modules. Such information is hard to come by otherwise without writing code that inspects a set of module sources.

PyDoc can also be run to save the HTML documentation for a module in a file for later viewing or printing; see its documentation for pointers. Also, note that PyDoc might not work well if run on scripts that read from standard input—PyDoc imports the target module to inspect its contents, and there may be no connection for standard input text when it is run in GUI mode. Modules that can be imported without immediate input requirements will always work under PyDoc, though.

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  • Anja
    How to start pydoc gui in windows?
    8 years ago

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